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Culture and heritage

Various Visits...

Explore St Sorlin through his visits :

Pierre BALMAIN, french fashion designer

May 18, 1914 to June 29, 1982

Born May 18, 1914 SAINT-JEAN-DE-Maurienne (Savoie), Pierre Balmain left at the age of 11 years this city to study at Chambery, then PARIS to a career as an architect, as wished his mother.

But young Peter had another idea of his future and having made some drawings for a show at the Lido, he joined in 1934 at the Captain Molyneux, undisputed master of elegance.

In 1939 he joined Lucien Lelong who offers him a well-paid job.

The war began, he was drafted in the Maurienne. Discharged in 1940, he joined his mother in AIX-LES-BAINS, where it has shop. He rubs the American writer Gertrude Stein and realizes some outfits for her modest given the shortage.

Crossing SAVOIE, Lucien Lelong suggested he return to PARIS. He shared with Christian Dior responsibility for the creation of future collections of the House Lelong. Among his early victories, he has a simple-looking dress which he called "small profit". This famous model of black crape was ordered by 360 customers who tore him.

From 1945, Pierre Balmain opened his own shop Rue François 1er.Il dressed stars of the show: Germaine Montero, Marlene Dietrich, Michele Morgan, Katherine Hepburn, Brigitte Bardot, Sophia Loren, Dalida ... and they called on him to create the uniforms of royal marriages.

At the same time, he was asked to create uniforms for the hostesses of the Social Security (1964), Grenoble Olympics (1968), airlines from Singapore, Kuwait, Thailand, and the first woman prefect (1974).

His love of travel led him to Thailand where he will command the Queen Sirikit a complete wardrobe. During a trip to Thailand in 1972, he feels the first symptoms of a disease which was to blast off in their creation June 29, 1982.

Of his grandfather Alexander Chapman, a native of Saint Sorlin d'Arves, Pierre Balmain probably inherited his love of travel and adventure. Proud of his Savoy, he always kept with her family and friends close ties.

His ashes were scattered by his collaborator Mr. Erik Mortensen in the Combe de la Balme, Maurienne, at the foot of the glacier de Saint Sorlin d'Arves.


The traditional costume


ASaint Sorlin d'Arves, men wore the white jacket in wool cloth woven in this country.

The female costume (from the book of ASPECTS)

The traditional female costume is always the same parts:

La Chemise hemp cloth long sleeve, single piece of lingerie and a straight neck "band" finely decorated with arabesques embroidered over wire by girls in Alpine. This is the only visible part of the shirt.

The Sleeves wool cloth are separated from the dress, mounted on a yoke of canvas, to give greater ease of movement.

 Dress black wool cloth includes a leotard on very short skirt which is attached which has no equivalent throughout the Europe. Made of the assembly of dozens of strips of cloth (the apponsures) to give this strange form found at the rear with a score of accordion pleats and measuring 11 to 13 am very circumference of the bottom of the party dress. The work dresses wholesale cloth countries weigh up to 7 kg.

Shawl or handkerchief is printed cotton (India), woolen printed or embroidered and fringed, silk and / or embroidered and fringed. < br />

The Wide Belt original element of this costume found mentioned from the seventeenth century. This strip of cloth army of cardboard box and embroidered ribbons or embroidery is committed to using chains also made up by women.

The Apron , canvas, wool, silk covers the whole front of the dress.

The Beguine , very particularly in St Sorlin, has a cloth cap covered with a thin white starched cloth and held tight to the rear on a frame MÉ metallic shaped horseshoe. A lace forms a halo around the face with 70 or 80 small folds on each side. The central part is doing unshirred folded on top of the head. For Sundays and feast days, the nun is in red cloth decorated with paper foil, sequins, silver lace, topped with a tulle invisible.

The Jewelry : a simple ribbon, bead necklace or a knitted silk ribbon adorned with sequins carries the cross silver grille (Christ on one side, Madonna and child from the other) topped with a silver heart.




The old housing

The walls of old houses had very thick walls consisting of two pyramidal drystone separated by a layer of earth for thermal insulation.

Basically, they measure from 1.10 meters to 1.20 meters thick, the top 0.70 meters. The frame is very heavy on the walls.

Once all the roofs were thatched. Many fires ravaged the villages in turn. The slate and galvanized sheet metal replaced the thatch.

The roof canopy protects large balconies on which the reserves pile of wood used for the repair of meals, heating being provided by the animal heat.

At the road until fraîtage is the barn that houses the reserves of hay, grain, straw (three tons of hay are needed to winter a cow) .

Barley and rye harvested in late summer fought the scourge in winter (from sunrise to sunset): The threshing floor is in the barn near the door. The pinion is arcosses woven to allow good aeration of the hay.

Rye flour used to make bread in oven once a month, barley was also used in the diet of rye straw was used for roofing, barley straw to fill the mattresses of the beds.

Clothing, salt, cereals and whatever fears humidity were kept in small wooden attics or isolated in rooms equipped with inside barns.

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